Top 10 Commencement Speeches Quotes in American Universities——美国大学十佳毕业典礼演讲精选


李茂 选译自Graduation Wisdom

1. Steve Jobs
CEO of Apple Computers 苹果电脑CEO
Stanford University  斯坦福大学
June 12, 2005   2005年6月12日

Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

2. David Foster Wallace
Novelist   小说家
Kenyon College  肯尼恩学院
May 21, 2005  2005年5月21日

There are these two young fish swimming along and they happen to meet an older fish swimming the other way, who nods at them and says, “Morning, boys. How’s the water?” And the two young fish swim on for a bit, and then eventually one of them looks over at the other and goes, “What the hell is water?”

… simple awareness; awareness of what is so real and essential, so hidden in plain sight all around us, all the time, that we have to keep reminding ourselves over and over:

“This is water.”
“This is water.”

It is unimaginably hard to do this, to stay conscious and alive in the adult world day in and day out.

3. Michael Uslan
Movie Producer  电影制片人
Indiana University 印第安纳大学
May 06, 2006  2006年5月6日

You must believe in yourself and in your work. When our first Batman movie broke all those box-office records, I received a phone call from that United Artists exec who, years before, had told me I was out of my mind. Now he said, “Michael, I’m just calling to congratulate you on the success of Batman. I always said you were a visionary.” You see the point here — don’t believe them when they tell you how bad you are or how terrible your ideas are, but also, don’t believe them when they tell you how wonderful you are and how great your ideas are. Just believe in yourself and you’ll do just fine. And, oh yes, don’t then forget to market yourself and your ideas. Use both sides of your brain.

You must have a high threshold for frustration. Take it from the guy who was turned down by every studio in Hollywood. You must knock on doors until your knuckles bleed. Doors will slam in your face. You must pick yourself up, dust yourself off, and knock again. It’s the only way to achieve your goals in life.

4. Woody Hayes
College Football Coach  大学橄榄球教练
Ohio State University  俄亥俄州立大学
May 14, 1986   1986年5月14日

In football we always said that the other team couldn’t beat us. We had to be sure that we didn’t beat ourselves. And that’s what people have to do, too — make sure they don’t beat themselves.

… you’ll find out that nothing that comes easy is worth a dime. As a matter of fact, I never saw a football player make a tackle with a smile on his face. Never.

5. Bradley Whitford
Actor     演员
University Wisconsin – Madison  威斯康辛大学麦迪逊分校
May 17, 2006    2006年5月17日

Number One: Fall in love with the process and the results will follow.
Number Two: Do your work.
Number Three: Once you’re prepared, throw your preparation in the trash.
Number Four: You are capable of more than you think.
Number Five: Listen.
Number Six: Take action.
You have a choice. You can either be a passive victim of circumstance or you can be the active hero of your own life. Action is the antidote to apathy and cynicism and despair.

6. Jerry Zucker
Director, movie producer 导演、电影制片人
University of Wisconsin  威斯康辛大学
May 17, 2003   2003年5月17日

It doesn’t matter whether your dream came true if you spent your whole life sleeping.

Ask yourself one question: If I didn’t have to do it perfectly, what would I try?

Nobody else is paying as much attention to your failures as you are. You’re the only one who is obsessed with the importance of your own life. To everyone else, it’s just a blip on the radar screen, so just move on.

7. Earl Bakken
Businessman  商人
University of Hawaii 夏威夷大学
May 16, 2004  2004年5月16日

By all reckoning, the bumblebee is aerodynamically unsound and shouldn’t be able to fly. Yet, the little bee gets those wings going like a turbo-jet and flies to every plant its chubby little body can land on to collect all the nectar it can hold.

Bumblebees are the most persistent creatures. They don’t know they can’t fly, so they just keep buzzing around.

Never give in to pessimism. Don’t know that you can’t fly, and you will soar like an eagle. Don’t end up regretting what you did not do because you were too lazy or too frightened to soar. Be a bumblebee! And soar to the heavens. You can do it.

8. John Walsh
Author and art historian  作家和艺术历史学家
Wheaton College  惠顿学院
2000    2000年

Do one thing at a time. Give each experience all your attention. Try to resist being distracted by other sights and sounds, other thoughts and tasks, and when it is, guide your mind back to what you’re doing.

I’m not warning against learning many things on many subjects. My warning is against distraction, whether you invite it or just let it happen. In baseball, high-percentage hitters know better: it’s “focus” they talk about, and they prize it as much as strength. Psychologists describe skilled rock climbers and tennis players and pianists as going beyond focus, to what they have called a “flow” experience, a sense of absorption with the rock or the ball or the music in which the “me versus it” disappears and there’s a kind of oneness with the task that brings a joyful higher awareness, as well as successful performance. I’ve had these experiences, too little but not too late, and probably you have, too. They are a supreme kind of pleasure. You will have more of them if you do one thing at a time.

9. David L. Calhoun
Businessman  商人
Virginia Tech  弗吉尼亚理工大学
May 13, 2005  2005年5月13日

I worked for a guy named Jack Welch for twenty years at GE. He was, and is, a great mentor as much as a great leader. If I had to isolate the subject he spoke most passionately to me about, over all those years, it is that SELF CONFIDENCE is the most important, the indispensable characteristic of success, the common characteristic shared by great leaders whose talents may have varied widely in most other respects.

So, how do you get it? What is the secret to developing your own brand of self-confidence?

First, you must resolve to grow intellectually, morally, technically, and professionally every day through your entire work and family life. You need to ask yourself every day: Am I really up to speed or falling behind? Am I still learning? Or am I just doing the same stuff on a different day or as Otis Redding sings, “Sitting on the dock of the bay… watching the tide roll away?”

The lust for learning is age-independent.

Another important way to build your confidence is to seek out the toughest jobs, the most daunting scientific, engineering or management challenges.

10. Marc S. Lewis
Clinical psychology professor  临床心理学教授
University of Texas at Austin  得克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校
May 19, 2000    2000年5月19日

There are times when you are going to do well, and times when you’re going to fail. But neither the doing well, nor the failure is the measure of success. The measure of success is what you think about what you’ve done. Let me put that another way: The way to be happy is to like yourself and the way to like yourself is to do only things that make you proud.

There’s that old joke, not very funny, that goes, “No matter where you go, there you are.” That’s true. The person who you’re with most in life is yourself and if you don’t like yourself you’re always with somebody you don’t like.


Computer terms English/Chinese

·HDD:硬盘Hard Disk Drive

·DVD-ROM:DVD光驱Digital Versatile Disk Read Only Memory

·CD-RW:刻录机Compact Disk Re-Writer

·FDD:软盘Floopy Disk Drive

·CD-ROM:光驱Compact Disk Read Only Memory

·VGA:显示卡(显示卡正式用语应为Display Card)

·AUD:声卡(声卡正式用语应为Sound Card)

·LAN:网卡(网卡正式用语应为Network Card)



·Web Cam:网络摄影机





·USB:通用串行总线Universal Serial Bus,用来连接外围装置

·IEEE1394:新的高速序列总线规格Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers







·IDE:指IDE接口规格Integrated Device Electronics,IDE接口装置泛指采用IDE接口的各种设备

·SCSI:指SCSI接口规格Small Computer System Interface,SCSI接口装置泛指采用SCSI接口的各种设备

·GHz:(中央处理器运算速度达) Giga 赫兹 / 每秒

·FSB:指“前端总线(Front Side Bus)”频率,以MHz为单位

·ATA:指硬盘传输速率AT Attachment,ATA-133表示传输速率为133MB/sec

·AGP:显示总线Accelerated Graphics Port,以2X,4X,8X表示传输频宽模式

·PCI:外围装置连接端口Peripheral Component Interconnect


·BIOS:硬件(输入/输出)基本设置程序Basic Input Output System

·CMOS:储存BIOS基本设置数据的记忆芯片Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor

·POST:开机检测Power On Self Test

·OS:操作系统Operating System






·Socket:插槽,如CPU插槽种类有Socket A,Socket478等等









lavender 2010年07月09日09:18 来源:国际在线 点击 897次

  Which face is more attractive? If you chose the face on the left, you share the tastes of most heterosexual men. It is a composite face, or “morph”, made from the faces of eight women with unusually small feet. The face on the right is a morph of eight women with unusually large feet.


  It’s quite a difference, isn’t it? Women with smaller feet have prettier faces, at least according to the men who took part in this study. So do women with longer thigh bones and narrower hips.




  Jeremy Atkinson, an evolutionary psychologist at the University at Albany, New York, and his colleagues measured hand length, foot length, thigh length and hip width on 60 white female college students. For each of 16 body-part measurements, he and his colleagues selected the eight women with the shortest lengths and the eight with the longest, and constructed morphs of their faces. These morphs were then rated for attractiveness by 77 heterosexual male students.


  The men were three-and-a-half times as likely to pick the short-footed morph as more attractive, and almost 10 times as likely to say it was more feminine, Atkinson and his colleagues found. Similarly, they were more than 11 times as likely to pick the narrow-hipped morph as more attractive, and eight times as likely to choose the long-thighed morph.




  Atkinson thinks men find these features attractive because they serve as markers of a healthy childhood. Biologists know that stress and poor nutrition during foetal development and puberty can affect sex hormone levels and cause earlier puberty.


  This can leave such women relatively short and stout, while those with a more benign childhood continue growing for longer, and attain a slenderer, more stereotypically feminine face and body, which most men find more attractive.



全球最贵食物你吃过几种? lavender 2010年07月19日21:18 来源:国际在线   

 Chinese green tea called Tieguanyin, which costs $3,000 per kilo (per 2 lb 3 oz) approximately $15 for a single cup.   中国的绿茶铁观音,3000美元一千克,大概一杯要15美元一杯。   

The most expensive beef in the world is the type of beef coming from the Wagyu cows from Japan. 200 grams of a fillet cost in Europe more than 100 dollars.   世界上最贵牛肉是来自日本的日本和牛肉,在欧洲200克就要卖到100多美元。  

  Kopi Luwak. The coffee comes from the Indonesian island of Sumatra and the total annual production is only around 500 pounds of beans. That is why the price of a pound is outrages – $300 or more.   努瓦克咖啡,这种咖啡产自印度尼西亚的苏门答腊岛,每年仅产500磅的咖啡豆。这也是为什么一磅的价格要高达300多美元的原因。  

 The most expensive desert in the world – the $1000 sundae. It’s made up of 5 scoops of the richest Tahitian vanilla bean ice cream, Madagascar vanilla, 23K edible gold leaf and one of the most expensive chocolates in the world.   世界上少有昂贵圣代,要1000美元一杯。由5种最贵塔希提香草豆,马达加斯加香草,可食用的23K金叶子,和世界上最昂贵的巧克力调制而成。


 lavender 2010年06月12日10:50 来源:国际在线

  The World Cup’s toughest security headache may be a surprise visit by President Barack Obama, South Africa’s police chief said Friday, joking that he secretly hoped the US side would bow out early.  


 ”One challenge… is the American President who is coming, not coming, coming, not coming,” national police commissioner Bheki Cele told parliament in a briefing on security for the June 11-July 11 tournament.   


 ”Our famous prayer is that they don’t make the second round,” he told the parliamentary police committee. “They get eliminated and they go home because we are told that if they go to the second or third stage, the American president might come.”  


 The United States is one of 31 visitor nations competing for the World Cup.


 Forty-three heads of state have provisionally confirmed their attendance at the tournament, the first on African soil, but Cele said the presence of the US leader would double security requirements for the event.  


 ”That 43 will be equal to this one operation,” he quipped.  


 Cele was briefing lawmakers on South Africa’s security plan for the cup, which has met with approval from global police agency Interpol and security authorities of the 31 visitor teams.  


 Speaking in Washington last month, South Africa’s foreign minister said Obama had indicated to President Jacob Zuma that he would attend the tournament if the United States reached the final.  


 ”I remember him saying that he would maybe consider coming if the American team goes to the quarter-finals, might come if they reach the semi-finals, and will come to the finals,” said Maite Nkoana-Mashabane.  


 The United States is in Group C with England, Slovenia and Algeria. The 2010 tournament will mark the country’s ninth run at the World Cup. Its best ever showing in the tournament was third in 1930.  


Funny Translation Errors

By Richard
At K International we get sent loads of these funny language translation errors… so here is a collection of some of the best/worst.

Human Translation Vs Machine Translation

At first machine translation can seem like a miraculous tool. Simply copy and paste the source text into the box and click translate, instantly the translation appears in the target box. This form of translation is great for a brief overview of the text, but how accurate is the translated text.
Usually there are inconsistencies.
Origins of machine translation
The concept of machine translation has been around for many years, in fact ever since the creation of programmable, general purpose computers during WWII.

It was in the 50’s and 60’s during the cold war when the US army collected a large number of Russian documents that the concept of machine translation really took off. Throughout this period the development of machine translation was funded by the government and various universities. By the late 60’s developers were losing interest as it became clear the technology of the day was not up to the challenge.
Funding for the development of machine translation eventually dried up, that is until the 1970’s when advances in computer technology made the idea of a computer creatively thinking a much bigger possibility.
Over the last 30 years computer technology has greatly advanced, artificial intelligence is now common place in homes across the western world and it’s spreading, getting more and more human with each development. As technology has advanced so has machine translation technology improving its memories and adding more and more language options. Despite these advances there are still issues, as yet computers are unable to comprehend context or keep up with the fast pace at which our languages change with hundreds, maybe thousands of new words added each year.
Accuracy of machine translation
A machine cannot put words and sentences into context, it simply replaces the words with what it considers to be the direct alternative in the language required.
The translations provided by online tools and computer packages are usually understandable but it is not normally of publishable quality. If you simply require an understanding of a piece of text, for example an email, then a machine translation tool such as Google Translate will do. If however you require a document to be accurate, for example if the text is going to print, then a human translator will provide a much more accurate translation. If the document is then proofread by a second human translator the overall accuracy of the document is twofold. Never publish text translated through a machine translation tool.

Machine translation is ideal if you want to get the gist of an email or short piece of text but nothing compares to a competent human translator. A human translator will take in the context and intended meaning of your text. They will take care when translating the words and they will focus on the style of the document.
No matter how far machine translation goes it will never compare to a real human translator. There are certain styles of translation such as medical, technical and legal, which translation tools cannot handle properly.
The speed and cost of machine translation is obviously better than human translation but if you want to create market ready translations accuracy is very important, accuracy that you will only get if you use a human translator.
Even developers of machine translation recognize its limitations; in fact Google admits that their translation tool is far from accurate. They state that the tool should provide the user with a general idea of their text, providing day to day translated information, making world wide business communication easier.
–From K International plc.
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