Computer terms English/Chinese

·HDD:硬盘Hard Disk Drive

·DVD-ROM:DVD光驱Digital Versatile Disk Read Only Memory

·CD-RW:刻录机Compact Disk Re-Writer

·FDD:软盘Floopy Disk Drive

·CD-ROM:光驱Compact Disk Read Only Memory

·VGA:显示卡(显示卡正式用语应为Display Card)

·AUD:声卡(声卡正式用语应为Sound Card)

·LAN:网卡(网卡正式用语应为Network Card)

·MODM:数据卡或调制解调器Modem

·HUB:集线器

·Web Cam:网络摄影机

·Capture:影音采集卡

·Case:机箱

·Power:电源

·Moniter:屏幕,CRT为显像管屏幕,LCD为液晶屏幕

·USB:通用串行总线Universal Serial Bus,用来连接外围装置

·IEEE1394:新的高速序列总线规格Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

·Mouse:鼠标,常见接口规格为PS/2与USB

·KB:键盘,常见接口规格为PS/2与USB

·Speaker:喇叭

·Printer:打印机

·Scanner:扫描仪

·UPS:不断电系统

·IDE:指IDE接口规格Integrated Device Electronics,IDE接口装置泛指采用IDE接口的各种设备

·SCSI:指SCSI接口规格Small Computer System Interface,SCSI接口装置泛指采用SCSI接口的各种设备

·GHz:(中央处理器运算速度达) Giga 赫兹 / 每秒

·FSB:指“前端总线(Front Side Bus)”频率,以MHz为单位

·ATA:指硬盘传输速率AT Attachment,ATA-133表示传输速率为133MB/sec

·AGP:显示总线Accelerated Graphics Port,以2X,4X,8X表示传输频宽模式

·PCI:外围装置连接端口Peripheral Component Interconnect

·ATX:指目前电源供应器的规格,也指主机板标准大小尺寸

·BIOS:硬件(输入/输出)基本设置程序Basic Input Output System

·CMOS:储存BIOS基本设置数据的记忆芯片Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor

·POST:开机检测Power On Self Test

·OS:操作系统Operating System

·Windows:窗口操作系统,图形接口

·DOS:早期文字指令接口的操作系统

·fdisk:“规划硬盘扇区”-DOS指令之一

·format:“硬盘扇区格式化”-DOS指令之一

·setup.exe:“执行安装程序”-DOS指令之一

·Socket:插槽,如CPU插槽种类有Socket A,Socket478等等

·Pin:针脚,如ATA133硬盘排线是80Pin,如PC2700内存模块是168Pin

·Byte:字节,等于8bit(八个位的组合,共有256种电路状态),计算机一个文字以8bit来表示

·KB:等于1024Byte

·MB:等于1024KB

·GB:等于1024MB

·Jumper:跳线(短路端子)

·bit:位(0与1这两种电路状态),计算机数据最基本的单位

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